What is hacking?
There are so many definitions of hacking. Hare we will define hacking as identifying weakness in computer systems, networks and exploiting the weaknesses to gain access on these systems.Like passing the login algorithm to gain access to a system is one example of hacking .
Who is Hacker?
A hacker is a person who finds and exploits weakness in computer systems or networks to gain access. Hackers are usually skilled computer programmers with the knowledge of computer security.
Today we discuss the Types of Hackers the world of hacking.
Hare we classified Hackers according to the intent of their actions.
Ethical Hacker (White hat):
White Hat hackers are the good guys of the hacker world.They gains access to systems with a view to fix the identified weaknesses. They may also perform penetration testing and vulnerability assessments for the various companies or other organizations. Most of the White Hat hackers hold a college degree in IT security or computer science and must be certified to make or start their career in hacking. The most popular certification is the Certified Ethical Hacker (CHE) from the EC-Council. A hacker who gains access to systems with a view to fix the identified weaknesses. They may also perform penetration testing and vulnerability assessments.
Cracker (Black hat):
A hacker who gains unauthorized access to computer systems for personal gain. Crackers are the men or women who find banks or other companies with weak security to steal money, corporate data, violate privacy rights, transfer funds from bank accounts etc.
A hacker who is in between ethical and black hat hackers. They breaks computer systems without authority to identify weaknesses and reveal them to the system owner. Gray Hat hackers don’t steal money or information but sometimes they deface a website , yet they don’t help people for good if they not want.
A non-skilled person who gains access to computer systems using tools or they copy code and use it for a virus or something else. Script Kiddies just download overused software like LOIC or Metasploit etc and watch a YouTube video on how to use it. A common Script Kiddie attacks areDenial of Service and Distributed Denial of Service.
A hacker who use hacking to send social, political and religious etc. messages. This is usually done by hijacking websites and leaving the messages on the hijacked websites.
A hacker who identifies and exploits weaknesses in telephones instead of computers this type of hacking is also known as phone phreaking.